Black-figure amphora

  • Collection Number ΝΓ0779
  • Date Middle Archaic
    540 b.C. - 530 b.C.
  • Description Black-figure amphora depicting riding Amazons with helmets and spears in their hands. The use of added white and purple colour for the decoration of the figures (white for the bare parts of the Amazons' bodies and for one horse, purple for the Amazons' garments, the horses' manes and the wings of the bird) in combination with the orange background produce a polychrome effect that lends vividness to the picture. On the other side of the vase, a Sphinx is sitting between two lions. The lavish use of added purple and white and the depiction of daemonic creatures (such as the sphinx) and exotic animals (such as the lions) are typical features of the so-called "Chalcidian" vases, a homogenous group of high quality black-figure pottery of the second half of the 6th c. BC. Their name is due to the fact that they frequently bear inscriptions in letters of the Chalcidian alphabet. However, "Chalcidian" vases have been found mainly in graves in the West (South Italy, Sicily, Etruria, Massalia [mod. Marseilles], and Emporion in Spain) and most researchers believe that they were produced in one of the Chalcidian colonies in Magna Graecia - e.g. Rhegion - as no such vases have been ever found in Chalcis itself. This particular vase is considered a product of the "Pseudo-Chalcidian" workshop and is attributed to the "Polyphemus Group".
  • Culture Greek (Chalcidian)
  • Period Archaic period
  • Material clay
  • Dimensions H: 38 cm / RD: 12.4 cm / BD: 13.1 cm
  • Creator Polyphemos Group
  • Exhbition Gallery 2nd floor / A History in Images
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